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A Complete Guide to Rectal Bleeding in Males

Rectal bleeding is the discharge of blood from a person’s anus combined with blood clots and/or stools. Abdominal diseases are the main causes of rectal bleeding. Though the discharge of blood might take place from the rectum, but in certain cases, it may occur from various other areas of GI or gastrointestinal tract.

The bleeding takes place in the form of maroon, tarry or black stools or blood on toilet tissue. Severe or mild rectal bleeding in males may rapidly reduce the blood in a patient’s body thus causing signs such as low blood pressure, fainting, nausea, dizziness, etc. In fact, rectal bleeding in males may turn lethal and thus, required instant medical attention and care for correct diagnose as well as treatment.

Causes:

Anal Fissure: It is the most common causative factor. Here, the lining of anal canal is torn because of constipation resulting not only in discharge of blood, but also causing immense pain when passing stools.

Hemorrhoids: These are stretched blood vessels inside the anal canal. Basically, these are clumps or masses of tissues that inflate due to straining of anus or constipation when passing dry or hard stools resulting in anal discomfort or bleeding. Nevertheless, rectal bleeding caused due to hemorrhoids is moderate and does not cause low blood pressure or anemia.

Fistula: It usually emits a white discharge and blood at times. Fistula usually is related with chronic inflammation or swelling of intestinal tract resulting in pain as well as bleeding when passing stools.

Diverticulosis: Here, the sacs or pockets known as diverticula found in the colon region pop out. The popping out of these pockets takes place mainly because of the immense spasm of colon or some kind of weakness in colon walls resulting in rectal bleeding.

Colitis and Proctitis: This condition may occur because of swelling or ulceration of colon or rectum. When the swelling is confined to rectum, it causes a condition known as proctitis and if spreads to colon, it causes colitis. Rectal urgency, diarrhea and cramps are a few signs of these conditions along with rectal bleeding.

Polyps: These are benign tumors of large intestine and can start to bleed after reaching certain size. Some types of polyps may cause malignant tumor known as colon cancer resulting in bleeding and stools of maroon color.

Rectal Prolapse: It occurs because of weak rectal tissues and is a common case in older men. A man suffering from this condition will suffer from unusual bulging from rectum whilst wiping and this may ultimately result in rectal bleeding.

Treatment:

Depending on the cause and severity of the bleeding, the treatment may differ from caring at home to antibiotics to blood transfusion or surgery in extreme cases.

Minimum straining of bowel movements, intaking around eight glasses of water on a daily basis, a healthy diet including fiber foods such as vegetables, fruits and whole grains followed by regular exercising will assist your intestines to function better.