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Bloating and PMS – All that you need to know

Bloating is a common premenstrual syndrome or PMS symptom experienced by many women during, before or after their periods. It is actually the feeling of swelling or fullness in stomach area that is quite annoying as well as causes severe uneasiness and discomfort.

Bloating taking place during periods often occurs with other premenstrual syndrome signs such as breast tenderness, mood swings, restlessness, cramps, pain etc. Nevertheless, it is a not a concern to worry much about, but still the agony and discomfort caused needs to be taken care of.

Causes of Bloating:

Bloating is fluid retention in your body, which occurs due to the various hormonal changes taking placing in a woman’s body during menstruation. A usual menstrual cycle lasts for around 28 days and includes three phases known as follicular, luteal and ovulatory.

During these stages, right from bleeding and discharge of egg to its breakdown, the body of a woman undergoes massive changes in the levels of progesterone and estrogen as well as the follicle stimulating and luteneizing hormones.

In addition, uterus secrets prostaglandin every month, which results in the contraction of uterus walls to get rid of its lining. Thus, all these factors cause bloating or fluid retention in body accompanied by swelling in certain body parts such as abdomen, legs, ankles, and irritability, weight gain, back pain, cramping, etc.

Besides these, women who drink or smoke on a regular basis or follow unhealthy diet and lifestyle are prone to suffer from bloating or fluid retention during PMS.

Some Quick Remedies:

Listed below are few remedies for bloating. These will not only offer relief from the discomfort, but will also avert the occurrence of bloating further.

  • Reduce the intake of salt: Cut down your sodium and salt intake, as it causes fluid retention in body. Avoid having junk or fast foods, as they usually are high in sodium and salt. Instead, include fresh vegetables and fruits in your daily diet.
  • Diuretic Herbs: Try to have carminative herbs and digestive stuffs such as lemon balm, fennel, chamomile, ginger and peppermint. These are excellent for digestion and have diuretic effects that provide relief from PMS bloating.
  • Supplements: Increase the intake of Vitamin E and B6, magnesium and calcium by taking vitamin supplements and consuming foods that can alleviate the symptoms of PMS signs.
  • Avoid sugar, alcohol and caffeine: Avoid excess alcohol, caffeine and sugar foods, as they cause bloating and food retention.
  • Perform regular exercises, because sweating resulted from exercising will help release the excess water and salt from the body reducing fluid retention.

Apart from these alternatives, make sure that you intake plenty of water to stay hydrated as well as follow a balanced and healthy diet containing vegetables and fruits that are rich in nutrient content.

If these remedies fail to provide any relief from PMS bloating, then you need to consult a doctor at the earliest.