A Dictionary of Diseases
This writer does not have a medical background, and hence always wondered what the simplified definitions of various diseases mean. So given here are a few common names of diseases and their definitions that one generally tends to forget.
Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia, which progressively worsens and hampers the cognitive powers (memory, behavior and thinking) of the affected individual.
Bipolar disorder is fluctuating mood swings. The one affected with it show both trends: mania, which happens during high emotions and depression, which happens during low emotions.
Cerebral Palsy is a set of disorders that hampers the brain and nervous system of the body thereby hindering all the six senses of the body, including vision, movement, hearing etc.
Diabetes is because of high sugar levels in the blood and is chronic in nature. It is a metabolic dysfunction and is a resultant of lack of insulin production or the body cell’s inability to absorb them.
Epilepsy is a disorder of the nervous system with hampered nerve cell’s activity n the brain resulting in fainting, seizures and unwarranted behavior.
Fecal Incontinence is the uncontrolled leakage of human excreta from the rectum as the patient is unable to control bowel motions.
Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (comprising stomach and intestines).
Hepatitis (A, B and C) is a result of a viral infection that causes a swelling or inflammation of the liver.
Influenza or commonly known just as flu is a respiratory system malfunction due to viral infection.
Jaundice usually is a sign of other health conditions. Here the skin, eyes and mucus turns yellow.
Kidney stones are small deposits of minerals and salts in the interior of the kidneys and can lead to pain and bleeding.
Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx (known as the voice box) and results in coarseness of voice or complete loss.
Melanoma is a hazardous skin cancer.
Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder wherein one can fall asleep anytime and anywhere.
Ovarian cancer is a cancer that builds in the ovaries.
Parkinson’s disease is a neurological disorder hindering your movement resulting in tremors and loss of balance.
Q fever affects the lungs, liver and heart and is caused by a bacterial infection.
Rectal prolapse occurs when the rectum dislodges from its original position and results in many anal disorders.
Scoliosis is a term used for the curvature of the spine. It is common at birth but also can take place during adulthood.
Tachycardia means a fast beating heart under normal conditions, and it may prove fatal.
Urinary tract infection (UTI) encompasses infections around a person’s kidneys, bladder, ureters and urethra.
Varicose veins are veins that appear enlarged but are normal with little or no side effects.
Wilson’s disease happens in the liver, red blood cells and brain due to over accumulation of copper. It is usually inherited and fatal.
Young’s syndrome is a distinct ailment that includes a lot of other conditions.
Xeroderma is dry skin and can be safely treated.
Zellweger syndrome is a unique disorder that is congenital, and is a cell level disorder.