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Diseases Associated with Genital Lesions

Genital lesions are usually caused due to sexually transmitted diseases that result from bacterial or viral infections and are transmitted through any type of sexual contact that includes kissing. This kind of lesion is one of the formidable signs of various physical maladies associated with genitals. Hence, it is better to gain understating of any such symptoms and treat them timely. Some of the diseases associated with genital lesions are listed below:

Genital herpes:

  • Herpes simplex virus-1 causes oral blisters while herpes simplex virus-2 generally tends to cause genital lesions.
  • The symptoms include severe bouts of painful lesions on the penis usually accompanied by headache and fever
  • The disease is recurrent in sporadic outbreaks induced by stress, a weakened immune system or other infections
  • Antiviral drugs such as acyclovir, valacyclovir and famciclovir and other medications as prescribed by a doctor can be used to treat genital herpes

Lymphogranuloma Venereum or LGV:

  • LGV is caused due to a bacterial infection and results in the formation of genital ulcers, tender glands in the groin as well as other infections of the rectum or anus.
  • Symptoms include genital lesions, inflammation, narrowing and scarring of the anus or rectum, diarrhea, anal pain and discharge, scant bowel movements as well as a sense of unsatisfactory bowel evacuation.
  • Doxycycline 100 mg twice per day orally for 21 days or erythromycin base 500 mg four times per day oral intake for 21 days can be used to treat LGV

Syphilis:

  • Syphilis is a bacterial infection and one of the oldest known sexually transmitted diseases that lead to the formation of genital lesions.
  • Syphilis progresses in three stages. The first stage involves the formation of a characteristic ulcer in genitals and/or mouth.
  • The second stage is systemic with symptoms such as non-itchy, faint skin rash, loss of hair, sore throat, headaches, white patches on the vagina, mouth and nose, fever and genital lesions which is followed by a latent stage of inactivity that can last for many years.
  • The last stage can affect other organs and cause cardiac and brain problems
  • Treatment of syphilis vary as per the stages but the most common medication is the use of long-term penicillin injections

Human Papillomavirus or HPV”

  • Several types of HPV cause genital warts and lesions and are spread through sexual contact.
  • Most individuals do not show any symptoms. However some signs include the appearance of genital lesions in the penis or the anal region and small, tiny bumps or extensive cauliflower like genital warts. They may be accompanied with tenderness, itching or burning sensations.
  • Vaccination is available for a few types of HPV.
  • There is no way to completely eradicate the disease, but surgical removal of the warts and administration of topical medications such as podofilox, imiquimod, podophyllin resin and trichloroacetic acid or bichloracetic acid can be used to treat HPV infections.

There are also other physical conditions which may cause similar factors of apprehension.  These diseases may include urethritis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, HIV infections and chancroid etc, are other diseases that result in the formation of genital lesions and are usually spread through sexual contact. Hence, if you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential consult the doctor immediately.