Hepatitis Types and Risks
Five different types of Hepatitis exist and they can be labelled as
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
- Hepatitis D
- Hepatitis E
Every type has different symptoms which vary slightly in its degree of external appearance.
- Hepatitis C has however caused life long illness and extreme damages to the liver of the affected person. Many people who are exposed to bloody fluids in their work settings are highly prone to be affected by this kind of disease.
- Hepatitis A is spread through the shared food and water with an infected person. It might be also contracted through sexual contact with the affected individual. This also makes the person suffer from liver inflammation.
- Acute infection with hepatitis B virus is associated with acute viral hepatitis – an illness that begins with general ill-health, loss of appetite, body aches, fever, dark colour urine, and then progressive development of jaundice disease. It has been noted that patches of itchy skin have also been indicated as a possible symptom of all hepatitis virus types.
Treatment for all these type includes complete rest and it has been estimated that the affected person would need rest for as long as 6 months to one year. Recovery of the person also depends upon the medication as well as the geno type. The hepatitis C virus is a strange one and the person affected with this kind of virus shows no external symptoms for as long as 12 weeks. It can be detectable in the blood by PCR tests and the degree seems to be directly related to the person’s age, gender as well as the fatty liver conditions.
Blood transfusion, usage of needles, cotton buds of the affected person , intercourse are all the probable means of getting affected by this disease. Body piercing/ tattoos marked on the body with the aid of unhygienic needles by non-professionals are also recently discovered as the means to get this deadly disease. RNA testing; Serological blood tests are known as the ways of detecting this HCV. Young infants born to an HCV-infected mother easily get this HCV at birth stage itself. Boceprevir and the telaprevir are the drugs used to stop the production of HCV in a patient. Among the alternative medications the most popular are milk thistle, licorice root, lactoferin, TJ-108, schisandra, and oxymatrine.
Hepatitis D is the one which could be easily spread in one who has previously been affected by HBV (Hepatitis B virus). Vaccination using HBV vaccine prevents the entry of this virus into a person’s body. South America’s northern parts, Saharan Africa are all the places where people are known to have this kind of virus infection. HEV is found in most of the developing countries and animals are mostly found to be the reservoir for this kind of virus. Domestic pigs, Asian house shrew as well as the big black colored rats are all found to be the potential reservoirs of HBV.
A vaccine with all the recombinant viral proteins has been developed recently and is found to be the only safe HEV. Sanitation is the only thing needed to stop the entry this kind of virus into any person. Recently more than 160 million people are found to be affected by these viral diseases and when they tend to over look the flu/aches’ symptoms they were pushed to chronic viral infections of Hepatitis. It is wise to be aware of Hepatitis types and risks and take steps to prevent this disease in your home and society. One should also ask their health care professional to vaccinate them as a means of precaution.