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Hysterectomy- everything you want to know

Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure through which uterus is removed from a woman’s body. The surgery puts an end to the mensuration cycle and the ability to conceive in life. Depending on the severity of the aliment, through hysterectomy other organ of a female reproductive system can also be removed. Ovaries and Fallopian tubes are some of the other organ that are also removed by this procedure.
Types of Hysterectomy
There are number of ways this surgery is performed to get the desired outcome. It is always not essential to have the whole uterus removed. A supracervical hysterectomy is performed only when the removal of the upper part of the uterus is required, leaving the cervix behind. However, a total hysterectomy is inevitable when removal of the uterus and cervix takes place, which is by all mean an extreme situation. Along with this,  total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is also opted when removal of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes (salpingo) and ovaries (oophor) is suggested. Last but not the least, a radical hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is the removal of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries, the upper portion of the vagina and some surrounding tissue and lymph nodes. This form of surgery is rare and only performed on patients suffering from cervical or uterine cancer.

Why is Hysterectomy performed
Hysterectomy is performed on patents for numerous reasons. Not always there is something life threatening that needs to be treated with this surgical method. Common reasons  that lead to Hysterectomy are abnormal vaginal bleeding, sever endometriosis, Leiomyomas or uterine fibroid, Uterine prolapse and Cervical or uterine cancer. Many of these problems can be treated convincingly with Hysterectomy.

Affect on Sexual Functioning after Hysterectomy
Since Hysterectomy is performed on the sexual organs of the patients, it is obvious to get worried about its after affect on the sexual function of the patient. Well, the good news is, this surgery doesn’t have any direct impact on the sexual functioning. In simple words, the sexual desires and sexuality remains unchanged after this surgery. However, for patients whose ovaries have been removed before attaining menopause, they might encounter less sexual drive in general. Along with this, dryness in the vagina could be a common issues which of course can be well treated by estrogen therapy.

Physical and Emotional Affects of Hysterectomy
The after effect of hysterectomy on general health condition can be different for all patients. No two bodies are same and thus no two bodies react similarly to any treatment. Physically however, Hysterectomy will stop the mensuration completely. Occasional vaginal bleeding and feeling of bloating is common. Slight discomfort at the incision site is normal and will fade away with time. For patients, where ovaries have been removed, the after affect is slightly more palpable. One might experience hot flashes and an expert advice from the concern physician can help you get rid of such discomforts which are very similar to the ones women experience during menopause.
Emotionally, things may be a cause of worry for some whereas for others it may be a smooth sail. It completely depends upon the patient’s mental and emotional strength and how well one takes it. Some women may feel a sense of loss or become depressed, but these emotional reactions are usually temporary and in extreme cases can be dealt with counseling and medication. Other women may find that hysterectomy improves their health and well-being, and may even be a life-saving operation.

Risks involved in Hysterectomy
Any form of surgery brings with it some risks and hysterectomy is no different. Even though rare, but there are chances of infections, bowel blockage, urinary tract injury, or problems related to anesthesia that can pose problems to the general health of the patient. However, in general, hysterectomy is fairly safe if performed under expert supervision and guidance.