Mental Disorder Suffers Prone More To Cigarette Smoking, Finds Study
About 70 % of people going through stress, depression or any other sorts of mental illness are likely to be smokers than without any mental disorder, reported by two federal health research groups.
Latest analysis from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that about one of three smokers suffer from mental illness compared with one in five smokers without any kind of mental illness.
The report further revealed that, adults suffering from mental disorder smoke about a third of all the cigarettes in the US. Plus, they smoke more and more cigarettes in a month and have drastically had fewer chances to quit smoking than people without any sorts of mental illness. And from the fifth of the total population in the United States, there are nearly about 45 million adults who suffering from one or the other kind of mental disorders.
After reading the given data, Dr. Thomas R. Frieden, the executive of the centers for illness control, said during the press briefing that “there are many adults enduring mental disorder and at an elevated risk of dying early but due to smoking rather than of dying from their mental health condition.”
This research is based on the data from the national survey on medication use and health in which about 138,000 adults were interviewed in their homes from the year 2009 to 2011. During this survey, people were asked some 14 simple questions to check out psychological disability and distress, and were supposed to have a mental disorder if their responses specified that they had any emotional, behavior or mental illness in the past one year.
People who came across any developmental disorders or substance abuse were not deemed to have mental illness. However, this study did not comprise of patients from psychiatric hospitals or people serving for military forces. Individuals who smoked partly or all of a cigarette in the past 30 days were thought to be smokers.
The research found that the rates of cigarette smoking for people with psychological problems were usually privileged in states where the overall rate of smoking was higher. In Utah, the rate of smoking people with psychological issues was lowest, like 18.1 %, wherein, in the West Virginia the rate was extremely high at 48.7 %.
Moreover, it was further noticed that the rate of smoking among mental illness sufferers was higher among people who were less educated or financially poor, among the Alaska Natives and American Indians. However, every national group had major percentages of cigarette smokers.
The investigation noted some potential causes that smoking along with the psychologically ill has been and will always stay high, together with promotion by the tobacco manufacturing industry and the past use of cigarettes as an inducement to perk up performance in psychiatric hospices.
On this, Dr. Frieden said, “there are certain impacts of nicotine which can cover some of the negative sides of mental disorder”. On the other hand, this research even stated that smoking can make few medications less effective. This in turn may make the individual with mental illness to smoke more to subdue the symptoms. And it further said that people suffering from a mental condition, many of whom effort to live socially and financially stable, may feel less capable to deal with withdrawal indications from giving up cigarettes.
Some researchers said that surveys show that several people with mental disorders want to give up smoking and can quit effectively with the correct approaches. These approaches include additional antismoking therapies or elevated use of smoking cessation pills and other required medications.
Douglas Tipperman, head of public health counselor on tobacco avoidance for the Mental Health Services Administration or Abuse, has his own agencies wherein they are working to start and encourage quit smoking programs that can prove out beneficial for the people who actually want to quit smoking.
However, this is an extremely serious health problem that requires more attention, Dr. Frieden added further.