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Most common vaginal infections

Vaginal infection is the most common disease faced by nay women. One of the most sensitive areas of a women’s body, vaginal infections can cause considerable discomfort and many a times is an indication of some major ailment. However, not always vaginal infections are potentially fatal. However, if left untreated this can lead to other severity.

Symptoms of a vaginal infection
Symptoms of vaginal infection is differs from patient. Not all patients experience the same symptoms and so a thorough check up by the physician is advisable. Some common symptoms are unusual vaginal discharge, along with unpleasant color and smell, vaginal itching, pain during sex, bleeding during and after sex, Abdominal crams and pains, lumps, redness or swelling in the vulva or anus and pain while passing urine.

Types of common vaginal infections

Thrush is a common type of vaginal infection. In most women,  Candi da albicans (yeast) grows harmlessly in their vagina. But slightest change in the environment propels the growth of the yeast abnormally, resulting in infection. This is mainly caused by using contraceptive pills, antibiotics, diabetes and also during pregnancy.

Bacterial vaginosis (BV)
Bacterial Vaginosis is caused by the unusual growth of otherwise natural bacteria present in the vagina. Especially women of child bearing age are susceptible to this infection. After an intercourse, the vaginal discharge is particularly smelly and grey in color. This is not a very serious infection per se. But if left untreated this can lead to sever consequences like abortion, miscarriage, pre mature labor and low birth rate of the baby.
Trichomoniasis is another type of bacterial infection caused by a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. This infection is usually transmitted during unprotected sex and intercourse with multiple people. Symptoms of this infection include yellow-green, fishy-smelling vaginal discharge. Interestingly more than half of the women don’t experience any symptom in the initial days. Trichomoniasis, if left untreated, can have serious repercussions. The patient may get infected by fatal diseases like HIV and HPV.
One of the common sexual Transmitted Infection is Chlamydia. This infection is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. Unprotected sex is the most common reason for this infection.  Chlamydia infection can spread to womb (uterus), ovaries and fallopian tubes and cause PID. This increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy, infertility and chronic pelvic discomfort. Immediate attention to Chlamydia is needed so that the infection can be stopped from spreading further.
Gonorrhoea is another type of vaginal infection that is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. Gonorrhoea is also transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse with multiple partners. Typically, the symptoms include vaginal discharge, pain when passing urine, bleeding between periods, pelvic or abdominal pain and pain during sex.

Genital Herpes
Genital herpes is a virus infection and is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). This infection is also caused after being passed on during sexual contact. Once infected, HSV remains in your body for the rest of your life. Symptoms of genital Herpes include painful blisters, pain while passing urine, abnormal discharge, fever and sever tiredness.