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Ringworm

Ringworms more scientifically known as dermatophytosis are the infection or allergy as said by many that may attack humans as well as the pets such as cats and dogs as well as cattle and sheep. Hair, skin and nails is where the parasite infection thrives in and it is here where they feed on – mostly the warm and moist parts of the organs. Fungi of different species may be the criminals responsible for such an ailment and not the parasitic worms. There are different types of dermatophytosis and about 20 percent of the population may be infected by any of its types!

Types

There are different types of dermatophytosis fungi that affect different parts or organs of the body thereby prevailing different types of the disorder! Tinea pedis is the crime star for the very well known athlete’s foot and can be very hazardous on the feet of the person. Tinea unguium is of the type of dermatophytosis that affects the toe and finger nails whereas jock itch affects the groins! Tinea capitis affects the scalp and the barbae version affects the hair on the face of the sufferer! Face fungus and tinea corporus have their demoniac effects on the face as well as the arms and legs respectively.

Symptoms

Summers can be really bad when it comes to suffering from ringworms thereby helping various marketers to start their itch relief and ringworm relief powder and creams advertisement! Winters are not as severe and may result in betterment of the symptoms as the skin or hair or the nails are not warm and moist and thus not conducive to the growth of such fungi! The nails when affected may thicken and change color and result in crumbling and falling off as well. The skin can experience raised and enlarged ringworms as well as raised texture!

Causes

The causes of this disorder are very obvious! When there are towels or sports goods and other clothing that is shared there are more chances of the disease spreading. Whichever placesare warm and moist become very conducive for the growth of the fungi and thus the infection can rapidly spread. It is also contagious and thus can spread from one person to another person on contact. Lockers, swimming pools and skin folds get the easy expansion after the growth of fungi when in a damp condition.

Diagnosis / Tests

Ultraviolet light (black light) with magnifying lenses called the woods test can enable the diagnosis of the microsporum canis of upto 50 percent. 40 to 70 percent of the infections can be identified with the help of microscopic tests by evaluating the infected area hair! Most efficient and effective but however a time consuming test is the culture test and shows immensely accurate results especially useful for the identification of the infection in pets!

Treatments

Topical dip therapy along with the oral medication is the answer of the treatment to these type of infections. Oral medication may include terbinafine as well as fluconazole in humans as well as pets! It is necessary to observe cleanliness and lime sulfur dip therapy (diluted in bathing water) twice in a week can be helpful for pets and should be followed. Appropriate bleach solutions should be used in order to clean the household surfaces!

Prevention

You need to make sure you are not touching pets which boast bald spots as they mostly carry the fungi in these spots of the body thereby spreading in them entirely as well as soon catching hold of you as well. Avoid walking bare footed in locker rooms and use fungicidal soap and antiseptics after being exposed to any type of ringworm! Keep away from using the sheets, clothes and sports goods and sportswear of others! Tea tree oil should be used in order to keep away fungus and bacteria.

Home Remedies

Rubbing raw papaya on the flesh that has been infected could be very helpful when it comes to getting rid of the ringworms! Mustard seeds can be very helpful and getting them powdered and mixed with water to make a paste and applied on the area can do wonder for easily helping it alleviate. Holy basil could just be as holy and heavenly when it comes to helping get rid of the ringworms. It is extremely essential to keep the patches clean and dry as much as possible in order to avoid the expanding growth of the fungi all over again and to also avoid the relapse. Neem and its products in the form of soaps and ointments may be extremely promising in the treatment too.

Warnings / Precautions

Be aware of any pets that look spotted with red dry patches or even too hairy ones! They usually are the carriers of such germs and parasitic infections that can contract you with a similar infection on contact. It is necessary to keep your surroundings clean and not damp as well as regular cleaning with antiseptics is very important in order to keep the germs and fungus from growing on any hardware in your home. Regular cleaning of the hairs, nails, and skin to keep away the growth of such bacteria is very important as they can invite such fungi when unhygienic and damply kept.

Questions to ask your Doctor

It is necessary to be notified by the doctor as to what precautions and which antiseptics you would require in order to alleviate the spread of the infection from the pet to anyone in the household or even from one organ to another organ in humans or in pets! The medications that help to avoid the relapse of such cases in the next summers or anytime is also very important to get a complete treatment for this one!

Special Note

Special care needs to be given to the treatment after the diagnosis, as due to the wrong diagnosis of the condition can prevail in growth of the infection to a great extent without showing the very relevant symptoms. Tinea incognito is the result of such expansion which may not show the typical features of the ringworm.